What is first aid?
If any child has an accident then the first person there will be the first aider or the person who will help her until others get there.First aid is about using your commonsense in ways that will keep your friend safe without doing harm to her.
Its a great idea for teachers to do a first aid course so that you know what to do to help others.
Here is something to help you remember what to do if you are the only person around and child has been hurt badly.
First Aid Tips:
Bites and stings:
When a child is bitten or stung by an animal and/or insect, care should be provided to the injured site. In some instances, this injury may cause an allergic reaction if we do not take the matter seriously.
What to do:
1. Inspect the site for marks and check for the presence of a foreign body or part of the stinger is still in the skin
2. Remove the stinger
3. Wash with soap and water
4. Cover with a clean cloth or gauze
5. Use ice to decrease the swelling and pain
6. Apply a sting relief gel or spray if available(betadin)
7. Check with Doctor if swelling, severe pain, difficulty in breathing, or disorientation occurs
First-aid dos and don'ts
Don't: Leaning back can be harmful the blood could get into the windpipe, blocking the airway.
Do: Sit in a comfortable upright position and lean forward slightly, then pinch nose just below the bony bridge and above the fleshy lobes of the nostrils until the bleeding is stemmed. Might help: Ice packs applied around the nose and on the forehead.
Aftercare: Once the bleeding is controlled, do not blow your nose as this might dislodge the clot and make you bleed again.
Don't: Never scrub the tooth it to "clean" it as this may damage the root surface. Indeed, avoid handling the root end; pick it up by the top.
Do: Gently rinse the "lost" tooth in a bowl and then drop it in a glass of milk or a warm, mild saltwater solution; then head to the nearest dental clinic, where it might be re-implanted. Also always handle the tooth by the top only, not the root.
CUTS AND SCRAPES
Don't: Contrary to last century's popular wisdom, do not tie the injured limb to stem bleeding. You will cut off circulation, doing more damage.
Do: Wash the wound with water. Minor cuts and scrapes usually stop bleeding on their own, so swab with antiseptic and wait. If that's not enough, apply gentle pressure with a clean cloth or bandage, and hold it in place for 20-30 minutes.
Alert! If blood spurts forth from the wound or continues to flow after continuouspressure for half an hour, seek medical assistance at once.
Might help: A wound more than 1/4 - inch deep may need stitches. Get a tetanus shot if your last one was taken five years ago,
Don't: Never put ice on the burn-it'll delay healing or cause extra damage (think frostbite).
Do: Immediately cool the area by holding under cold running water for at least 10 minutes.
Don't slap or shake anyone who's just fainted.
Don't try to give the person anything to drink, not even water.
Don't allow the person who's fainted to get up until the sense of physical weakness passes, and then be watchful for a few minutes to be sure he or she doesn't faint again
Catch the person before he or she falls.
Place the person in a horizontal position, with the head below the level of the heart and the legs raised to promote blood flow to the brain. (If a potential fainting victim can lie down right away, he or she may not lose consciousness.)
Turn the victim's head to the side, so the tongue doesn't fall back into the throat.
Loosen any tight clothing.Apply cold, moist towels to the person's face and neck.
Keep the victim warm, especially if the surroundings are chilly.
TWISTED KNEE OR SPRAINED ANKLE
Don't: Exercising it will not make it go away nor lessen the swelling!
Do: Remember the acronym RICE:
Don't: don't slap someone who is choking on the back. You could force the offending object further down the windpipe. Let the person cough and don't rush to offer water.
Do: Coughing forcefully is usually the best way to dislodge a piece of food. If that is not helping or the person seems unable to cough or draw breath, stand behind the person and deliver five sharp blows between the shoulder blades with the heel of your hand. Check the mouth quickly after each blow and remove any obvious obstruction. Meanwhile, call a doctor.
If the obstruction is still present, try up to five abdominal thrusts-this is known as the Heimlich maneuver: Place a clenched fist above the navel and pull inwards and upwards.
Don't: Don’t make the victim vomit -it can do more damage than good. Do not offer water either.
Do: Is it something they swallowed? Remove anything remaining in the mouth while you rush the person to hospital.
FOREIGN OBJECT IN THE EYE
Don't: Do not rub hard. Trying to pick out the object or brushing it out with a handkerchief or tissue can cause more injury.
Do: Examine the eye gently to find the object. Pull the lower lid down and ask the person to look up. Then hold the upper lid open while the person looks down. If the object is floating in the tear film on the surface of the eye, try flushing it out with a saline solution or clear lukewarm water.
Alert! If any irritating liquid has been splashed into the eye, don't use anything except water to wash the eye (not even eye drops). Rush to the eye care department of a hospital for intensive cleaning; meanwhile, try to rinse the eye gently with clean, lukewarm water for at least 20 minutes and make sure you wash your hands well too.
Don't: Never try to yank the person away. Touch him at your own peril.
Do: Break the contact between the person and the electrical supply by switching off the current. If you cannot reach the mains supply, protect yourself by standing on some dry insulating material, such as a telephone directory, and use a non-conductive rod (such as a wooden broom handle or ruler) to push the person away from the electrical source (or the appliance away from the person).
Immediately call the doctor or emergency
SEIZURE (or epileptic fit)
Don't: The worst error is to put something in the victim's mouth.
Do: Roll the victim on to his or her side to keep the airways clear. Clear away any hard or sharp objects from the vicinity to avoid injury from a violent seizure. Also loosen tight clothing around the neck, especially ties or collars. If possible, put a small pillow or rolled-up jacket under the head to provide padding, and call for the doctor .
Don't: Trying to pull the stinger out with fingers or tweezers will squeeze the attached poison sac and push more venom in.
Do: Remove the stinger as quickly as possible by scraping off gently with a straight-edged object, such as a credit card or the back of a knife. Wash the area with soap and water. Then apply a cold pack (frozen peas or ice wrapped in cloth) to reduce pain and swelling.
OTHER ANIMAL AND INSECT BITES
For minor wounds: If the bite barely breaks the skin (no visible blood) and there is no danger of rabies, treat it as a minor wound. Wash thoroughly, apply antibiotic cream and cover with a clean bandage.
For deep wounds: Apply pressure with a clean, dry cloth to stop the bleeding and see doctor as soon as possible.
Keep the kit in a central, accessible location. However, keep out of reach of children.